Prof. Dr. Marion Merklein

Chair of Manufacturing Technology

Research projects

  • Mechanical engineering with a focus on forming, joining by forming, material characterization and modeling, additive manufacturing and digitalization of production processes.
  • Hybrid additive manufacturing (AM and forming) for design of high strength, but light implants.
  •  As industrial areas automobile industry, transportation systems, construction work and bioengineering are of interest.

Current projects

  • Improvement of the geometrical accuracy of parts by material flow-optimized coil layouts when extruding functional components

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. April 2022 - 31. March 2024
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    For the production of functionally integratedcomponents made of sheet metal materials, the processes of Sheet-Bulk MetalForming are suitable, which enable the production of planar components withlocal functional elements. Limitations in the diefilling of the functional elements and high die loads are a result of thedemanding forming and process conditions that occur within these processes. When transferring this process class to efficientproduction from coil, previous investigations also identified anisotropicmaterial flow and anisotropic die loads as relevant process influences whencarrying out extrusion processes from sheet coils.

    Based on this, theinfluence of the component design on a multi-stage extrusion process from coilwill be analyzed numerically and experimentally within the scope of thisresearch project. In the first step,cause-effect relationships are to be investigated with regard to the local diefilling of the functional elements and the local die load when the blank andcoil geometry is varied. Furthermore, usingthese findings, the potential for controlling the material flow and thusimproving die filling by adapting the possible stage sequences is to bederived.

  • Qualification of a fatigue test for the investigation of the behavior of high-strenth tool materials under realistic conditions by elastomer compression

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2022 - 31. December 2023
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Tools and tool failure have major influence on the economic efficiencyof cold forging processes. In order to minimize losses due to machinedowntimes, it is necessary to accurately predict the service life. A challengein the prediction of tool life is that there is little data on the fatiguebehaviour of the used high strength steel materials. In addition, the qualityof the available data is limited, as it does not reflect the multi-axial stressconditions of cold forging. The objective of the research project is thereforeto investigate a new fatigue test, which can realistically model the stressstate occurring in cold forming tools considering both the multi-axiality andthe application of compressive prestresses. For this purpose, an elastomer madeof polyurethane is used as a pressure medium in a tool for fatigue testing. Acyclic hydrostatic pressure is applied by the repeated compression of theelastomer. The comparability of the tool stresses to the forming of steel isensured by analyzing the stresses both numerically and experimentally. Achallenge in the experimental concept is wear on the elastomer specimen, whichis to be minimized by adapting the test parameters. In order to illustraterealistic load cases, the transferability of the test results to systems underpreload is demonstrated. In a combined numerical-experimental approach, bothconventional reinforcements and new concepts for local prestressing will beinvestigated. This enables the identification of cause effect relationshipsbetween the stresses and strains caused by the reinforcement and the servicelife of the tools under realistic loads. Finally, the obtained results will beused to evaluate the potential of the test and the benefit compared toconventional fatigue tests.

  • Manufacturing of tailored aluminum parts by controlling the local cooling rates in a combined forming, quenching and hardening process (Tailor Quenched Forming)

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2022 - 30. September 2023
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    A common method for increasing passenger safety invehicles is the use of high strength materials for structural safety-relevantparts. Due to the targeted adjustment of the mechanical properties, tailoredcomponents can be manufactured with locally adapted component strengths. Incase of a crash, they have the ability to absorb or transfer the occurringenergy to other regions of the vehicle. It is relevant that these componentscombine high-strength as well as ductile regions. Until now these componentsare only produced by modified press hardening operations of steel components.In association with the light-weight concept, a new opportunity to realizetailored components is the use of adapted, high-strength, hardenable aluminumcomponents. During the forming process, the properties of previously solution-annealedcomponents can be adjusted by simultaneous quenching and forming operations.The key influencing factor in quenching and forming operations is the coolingrate. In future, it will be possible to produce property-adapted structuralcomponents using high-strength aluminum alloys with the help of different localtool temperatures. Thermally coupled material models are necessary for thesimulation of this forming process.

  • „Grundlegende Untersuchungen zur Herstellung von Funktionsbauteilen vom Band“

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2022 - 31. December 2023
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    The applicationof bulk forming processes to sheet metal, also known as sheet-bulk metalforming, extends the existing forming limits of established sheet and bulkforming processes. This enables the resource-efficient production offunctionally integrated lightweight components. In previous research, sheet-bulkmetal forming of pre-cut blanks was investigated. By using coil assemi-finished products, the advantages of manufacturing from coil in terms ofsimplified component handling and as a result higher output quantity arecombined with the advantages of sheet-bulk metal forming in terms of extendedforming limits.

    The usage ofcoils, however, results in an anisotropic material flow and consequently an unequalshape of the formed components. This worsens the component application behaviorand is especially a challenge for cyclically symmetrical parts. In additionasymmetrical tool loads, critical for fatigue, occur. Considering this, theobjective is to elaborate a process understanding for extrusion of gears fromcoil. It should be investigated how the anisotropic material flow affects the formingof the individual functional elements of cyclically symmetrical components andthe tool loads.

    In order to increasethe application potential of extrusion of gears from coil, another objective isto provide measures to reduce the anisotropic material flow and to improve thegeometrical accuracy of formed parts. For this purpose, different approaches formaterial flow control, such as adjusting the coil width, feed width, toolgeometry and local adaptation of friction should be analyzed for cyclicallysymmetrical parts. In addition to the effectiveness, the wear-behavior of the measureshas to be investigated in tool life tests.

  • In-situ characterization of a locally carburized complex phase steel for manufacturing of tailored semi-finished products

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. October 2021 - 30. September 2024
    Funding source: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

    Local carburization of semi-finished sheet material is a process variant to manufacture hot stamped parts with tailored properties. In this research project, the process combination of local carburization and hot stamping shall be qualified for carburization temperatures above 950 °C to reduce the required process time. The dependence of the mechanical properties and resulting microstructure on the process-relevant influencing factors will be determined by means of in-situ characterizations. Furthermore, the accuracy of the numerical simulation will be improved by extending existing material models. The material models will then be validated by additional experiments and the findings will be verified by application to a demonstrator geometry.

  • Reduction of local tool stresses in cold forging tools

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. July 2021 - 31. December 2023
    Funding source: Bayerische Forschungsstiftung

    Part geometry is a major influence on the formation of local stress in cold forging tools. Non-constant asymmetrical cross-sections result in axial and tangential stress concentrations. This challenge can be seen in the processes of the industrial partners, where fatigue failure occurs in local elements. In order to counteract fatigue and improve process economics, the formation of local tool stresses is to be analysed using a model process. Using the process the influence of functional elements and changes in cross-section on the stress state of the die is researched. With an understanding of the mechanisms of the stress formation, adapted tool concepts will be developed, which enable a suitable improvement of the stress state depending on the part and tool geometry. To evaluate the effectiveness of the new tool designs, they will be implemented in the processes of the industrial partners. That way, the effect on tool life can be analysed for different die materials. These are usually cold working steels or cemented carbides, which react very sensibly to tensile stresses. Finally, the new tool concepts will be evaluated using the developed process understanding and the experimental results regarding the tool life.

  • Enhancement of joinability and joint characteristics in mechanical joining processes by tailor heat-treated aluminium semi-finished products

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. April 2021 - 31. March 2023
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Due totheir very high specific strength, the proportion of 7000 series aluminumalloys in vehicle bodies is steadily increasing. However, in the artificiallyaged condition T6 the materials generally exhibit a limited formability. Theaim within the project is to improve the joinability of high-strength aluminumalloys in mechanical joining processes by a process-adapted and locally limitedheat treatment and to control the material flow in order to improve the jointproperties. The use of laser radiation as a heat source enables the applicationof heat treatment layouts in the size of the joint and thus the adjustment oflocally different properties.

  • Development of a forming process to manufacture near-net-shape functional components with a gradient in sheet thickness

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: Manufacturing of complex functional components with variants by using a new sheet metal forming process - Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming
    Term: 1. January 2021 - 31. December 2022
    Funding source: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
    Within the TCRC, the process of orbital forming was investigated fundamentally and the technolog-ical potential was shown. The process understanding referring to the possibility of controlled material flow forms the basis for the present transfer project. A high complexity as well as a long process dura-tion are unsolved challenges today. The system specific dependency of a tumbling plate results in an additional restriction of a maximum tumbling angle of Θmax = 1°, which severely limits the forming ca-pacity.The aim of the submitted transfer project is the substitution of the conventional orbital forming process by an iterative combination of tilting and turning. The overall objective is to extend the process limits known from fundamental research by using an adapted process. On the one hand, the essential find-ings of fundamental research regarding the control of the material flow should be applied. On the other hand, the formability and efficiency of the process should be improved. A basic advantage of the new process is the ability to use a conventional press, thus significantly reducing the process time and removing the restriction of a maximum tumbling angle of Θmax = 1°. An increase of the tumbling angle offers the potential of a reduced contact area, realizing an increased forming capacity.Challenges of the innovative manufacturing process can be derived from the modified process charac-teristics and forming kinematics. Besides the analysis of the tilting process, the number of forming steps required to achieve the desired form filling should be evaluated. In addition, the maximum tilt angle and the resulting influence on the functional components must be evaluated. In order to in-crease the load capacity, the hardening behaviour of strongly hardened high performance steels dur-ing the forming process should be analysed to verify the omission of a subsequent hardening process. The target parameters should be optimized by an investigation and application of comprehensive pro-cess strategies.The process characteristics to be investigated can be reproduced by using the current orbital forming process setup, allowing the characteristic tilting kinematic. Thus, the new process can be investigated fundamentally and at the same time, the effort for the production of the new tool concept can be pre-vented. Therefore, the development of a suitable method to ensure the applicability is required. Due to the expected change of the material flow components caused by the modified process kinematics, a material flow control is essential. A numerical simulation is used for the analysis of the material flow. The influence of the process parameters on the actual process should be investigated by evaluating reference parts produced with the adapted process. Due to the mentioned disadvantages of the cur-rent orbital forming process setup, the results of the adapted process transferred to a flexible tool con-cept for the use on a conventional press.
  • Friction reduction in lubricated tribological contacts by micro textured surfaces

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2021 - 31. December 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)
    The modification of component surfaces in lubricated tribological systems can improve the tribological behavior and reduce friction losses. This can be achieved by tribological layers or by discrete microtextures applied to the component surface. With regard to larger quantities, these microtextures have to be realized by forming processes such as micro coining, which can be integrated into conventional manufacturing processes. Up to now, basic knowledge is missing in order to understand the manufacturing challenges in combined forming processes during component production. In addition, a deeper understanding of the effects as well as the optimal design of surface microtextures in lubricated tribological contacts is lacking.The aim of the research project is to gain basic scientific knowledge with regard to the effect of surface microtextures in EHL contacts, as well as their manufacturability using forming processes. In cooperation with industrial partners, the obtained basic knowledge is transferred to industrial applications. A more realistic determination of the effects of microtextures in rolling-sliding contacts is achieved by the expansion of a TEHL simulation model by the influence of thin layers, roughness and solid-solid contact as well as dynamic operating conditions. Exemplary for the cam/tappet-contact, over the cup surface locally optimized microtextures are derived, taking into account the manufacturing limitations. Latter are investigated for an extrusion-coining process, in which a more homogeneous and precise texture shaping on the component by an inverse texture optimization is strived. In addition, a combined process including deep drawing, ironing and coining which has a lower material flow in the coining area is compared with the extrusion process. The objective is to identify process-specific influencing variables on the texture shape. In addition, the wear behavior of the coining punches is examined using a wear test-rig. The overriding objective of the study is to gain knowledge on the achievable accuracy of the texture geometry as well as on the application behavior of the tools based on numerical models and simplified bench tests. The analysis of the application behavior of the components in terms of friction and wear in a complete test chain from model, over component, to aggregate testing-rigs serves to validate the numerical design. Finally, the obtained knowledge about suitable and simultaneously technically feasible microtextures is validated for different application cases using experimental setups.
  • Improved characterization of failure behaviors of sheet metals based on pattern recognition methods

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2021 - 31. December 2022
    Funding source: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

    The forming limit curve (FLC) is used in industry to evaluate the failure limits of sheet materials and is determinied by Nakajima tests. During the test, an optical strain measurement of the specimen surface is performed simultaneously, which allows the calculation of the limit strain value. For a correct process description, including FLC, an improved automated generation of failure characteristics and time by applying pattern recognition methods is helpful. The developed method is extended and adapted to additional test methods in the field of material characterization, such as uniaxial and notched tensile-, hydraulic bulge- and bending tests. For validation purposes, metallographic investigations and interwies evaluated by experts will be performed.

  • Laser implantation of press hardening tools to influence the tribological and thermal properties for the process application

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. November 2020 - 31. October 2022
    Funding source: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
    Major development goals of the automotive industry are to increase the passenger safety as well as to reduce the fuel consumption and to achieve emission regulations. Hence, hot stamping has been established as a suitable and resource efficient process to manufacture high-strength and lightweight body-in-white components. However, the production is limited by friction and wear due to high thermo-mechanical tool stresses and the lack of lubricants. The overall aim of this research project is to modify the tool surface by using a laser implantation process in order to influence the thermal, mechanical and tribological interactions in the contact zones. Within the first project phase, tribological highly stressed tool areas as well as requirements for the implant geometry were identified by means of numerical models. Furthermore, suitable hard ceramic particles were determined and their interactions with different laser parameters were analyzed. Tribological experiments have shown that laser-implanted tools exhibit a high wear resistance and decreasing friction forces due to the limitation of the contact area and the reduced chemical affinity between tool and workpiece. By modifying an industry-related tool geometry, it was finally proven that an increased part quality and an improved forming behavior was achieved. However, based on the numerical results, maximum tool loads were located in geometrical complex areas which could not be laser-implanted due to the lack of implantation strategies and the unknown cause-effect relations between the tool and the workpiece. Thus, it is expected that structuring these highly stressed tool areas will significantly improve the tribological behavior. In a second project phase, further investigations with regard to varying tool stresses must be initiated in order to identify the interactions between surface properties, friction and wear behavior. In this context, suitable implants made out of hard phase compositions and tailored structuring patterns will be created for specific load cases. Afterwards, they will be tested in industrially relevant experiments to verify their effectiveness. This approach provides a deeper understanding regarding the interactions between hard ceramic particles and the arrangement of the implants in highly stressed tool areas.
  • Resource-minimized production through hybrid and highly networked processes

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. November 2020 - 31. October 2023
    Funding source: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi)

    Consistent lightweight construction realized through high-performance and resource-efficient manufacturing processes represents a key technology for securing long-term competitiveness of the German industry while simultaneously reducing CO2 emissions. By combining individual production technologies new opportunities are created, allowing the overcoming of limits that are currently set by conventional processes. HyConnect aims to combine forming technology with additive manufacturing in order to enhance the advantages of both process classes and to replace previous energy-intensive manufacturing methods (see Figure). In addition, digital solutions for a cross-company exchange and analysis of production data are being implemented, researched and evaluated. These are necessary to realize both the before described technical as well as environmentally added values and ensure that the safety requirements of the participating companies are met.

    Within this project, the aim is to expand the existing fundamental knowledge of hybrid component manufacturing by combining laser metal deposition (LMD) and deep drawing. Interactions between the individual processes as well as influences resulting from the production sequence stand in the foreground of upcoming investigations. With the support of the below listed project partners, an exemplary bearing sleeve is planned to be manufactured with reduced material resources and CO2 emissions.

  • Hydroforming of high-strength aluminium alloys

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. October 2020 - 30. September 2022
    Funding source: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi), AIF Arbeitsgemeinschaft industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen
    The combination of lightweightmaterial and structural design should enable the manufacturing of componentswith high specific strengths. Aluminum alloys of the 7000 series are suitable,but they have only a low deformability at room temperature. In this context,heat-assisted process routes for hydroforming are being investigated within thescope of this project, in order to generate geometrical complex tube profiles. Forthis purpose, material models as well as process simulations of different heattreatment strategies will be created and validated. Based on this, the formingprocess will be designed and a demonstrator geometry will be produced. Finally,relevant process windows will be determined by varying the geometry and processparameters.
  • Notch Rolling and Cyclic Bending - Basic Investigations for the Production of Bulk Materials with a Low Aspect Ratio out of Strip Material

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. April 2020 - 30. September 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Inorder to increase the productivity of the production process of steel wires,the process chain of notch rolling and cyclic bending is fundamentallyanalyzed. During notch rolling, notches are formed on both sides of a sheetmetal strip, in whose areas the material fatigues and forms cracks during thesubsequent fulling process. The numerical and experimental implementation ofboth process steps enables the identification of relevant influencingparameters and their interactions. Parameters taken into account are, amongothers, the notch radius, notch angle and web thickness in notch rolling, andthe bending angle and number of cycles to breakage or to the desired residualweb thickness in cyclic bending. Numerical and experimental studies of ductiledamage are required to evaluate material separation.

  • Mechanical joining without auxiliary elements

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: Method development for mechanical joinability in versatile process chains
    Term: 1. July 2019 - 30. June 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Sonderforschungsbereich / Transregio (SFB / TRR)
    URL: https://trr285.uni-paderborn.de/

    The aim of this project is to conduct fundamental scientific research into joining without auxiliary element using metallic pin structures produced by forming technology, which are pressed into the joining partner or caulked after insertion into a perforated joining partner, and the joint properties that can be achieved with this. This includes the development of a fundamental understanding of the acting mechanisms with a focus on feasibility in phase 1, the optimisation of the pin structure with regard to geometry and arrangement as well as the joining process for the targeted adjustment of joining properties in phase 2 and the transferability of the technology to an extended range of applications in phase 3. The aim in phase 1 is therefore to develop a fundamental understanding of the extrusion of defined metallic pin geometries from the sheet plane using local material accumulation in order to be able to determine local changes in the material properties, such as strength. Simultaneously, different process control strategies for joining metal and FRP as well as different metals will be fundamentally researched and process windows will be derived.In the case of FRP, various process routes will be investigated with a focus on fibre-friendly injection of the pin structures or hole forming for caulking of the pin structures without delamination of the FRP. Ultrasound, vibration, infrared radiation or combinations of these methods are used to melt the matrix with the goal of identifying suitable process routes and generating an understanding of the mechanisms at work.  Based on the findings of the pin manufacturing and the results regarding the joining processes, a fundamental understanding of the process will be developed, which will allow the further development of the pin geometry and the definition of suitable simple, regular pin arrangements and dimensions in the next step. In order to meet the different requirements of the pin manufacturing process and the joining method, the adaptability of the tool and joining technology is essential. Accordingly, the adaptation on the tool side and the specific process control during pin production will be investigated in order to demonstrate the possible variations. In addition, the adaptability of the joining operation will be achieved by adapting the process control, especially in the case of metal-FRP joints, in order to react to different conditions, such as the fibre layer and layer structure of the FRP. Finally, the direction-dependent joint properties and the application behaviour of the multi-material joints joined with the developed pin geometries will be characterised and evaluated depending on the pin dimensioning and arrangement in order to identify the decisive influencing factors on the joint properties.

  • Fundamental investigation of ultrasonic-assisted metal forming by compressive and shear stress

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. March 2018 - 30. November 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Oneapproach to extend the process limits in bulk forming is to superimpose ahigh-frequency oscillation on the tool movement. This so-called ultrasonicassistance (US) leads to an immediate reduction of the material's flow stressand therefore to decreased tool and workpiece loads. The research project isfocused on the underlying mechanisms of the flow stress reduction and theeffects on the material flow behavior. In oscillation superimposed shear tests,it was found that the cyclic loading and unloading promotes the crackinitiation and thus leads to earlier material failure. Hence, the formabilityof the material C35E is reduced by the ultrasonic assistance.

  • Investigation of residual stress related elementary processes in cold forged components in the manufacturing and operating phase

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. February 2018 - 31. December 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Due to the potential of forming induced residual stresses to influence component properties, a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of residual stress generation and stability is required. Therefore, the approach to the research project is structured into the phases of component manufacturing (generation of residual stresses), component operation (residual stress stability) and process design (exploitation of residual stresses). As reference process the forward rod extrusion is used, which is established as standard process in industrial use. Due to the trend towards component materials with higher strength and corrosion resistance, two stainless steels are used in the project. The investigations include parallel experimental and numerical analyses of the process and its synthesis.

    During the first phase, the necessary experimental equipment for component manufacture and testing was set up, material and friction parameters were identified, components were formed under consideration of different parameter variants and their residual stresses were determined by X-ray diffraction. In a complementary approach, macroscopic finite element models with subroutines for an extended post-processing of residual stresses were developed on the simulation side and applied in the context of numerical parameter variations. Furthermore, differential geometric and continuum mechanical relationships of residual stresses were investigated and the material modelling was extended to crystal plasticity. The predictivity of the numerical results was quantified on the basis of experimental results.

    The second phase concentrates on the residual stress stability in component use and the process robustness during component manufacture. The knowledge gained will be used at the end of the second and in the third phase to specifically influence the operating behaviour and to control the cyclic strength.

    The objective in the second phase is the experimental and numerical determination of the mechanical and thermal residual stress stability. As a requirement for the targeted influencing, relevant parameters will be identified. These cause-and-effect relationships are to be plausibilised by means of fundamental physical effects, whereby a recourse is made to effects described in the literature and numerical methods for the derivation of basic model ideas. Based on the experience gained so far, fluctuations of input variables and previously known disturbance variables are to be taken into account in all investigations. A further prerequisite for a systematic investigation of the fundamental mechanisms relevant to residual stresses is an increase in the numerical modeling and prediction accuracy of the deformation-induced residual stresses. In analogy to the generation phase, a constant comparison of simulation and experiment is therefore also carried out in the operating phase in the sense of an assessment of the prognosis quality of the numerical approaches and the plausibility of the experimental laboratory results.

    The Project is part of the DFG priority programm SPP2013 "Targeted Use of Forming Induced Internal Stresses in Metal Components". Within the priority program, the subproject takes part in the expert groups Production technology (thick-walled) and Mechanics and simulation.

  • Investigation of residual stress related elementary processes in cold forged components in the manufacturing and operating phase

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2018 - 31. March 2024
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    The operational behavior of steel components is significantly influenced by their residual stress state. On the basis of forward rod extrusion of stainless steel, methods for the controlled generation of residual stresses are being investigated, their stability under typical operating conditions is being analyzed and their effects on the operating behavior are being identified in this research project. In the first phase, basic mechanisms of the generation of residual stresses were identified. In the current second phase, parameters for a robust adjustment of the residual stress state during forming were developed, whereby lubrication in particular was identified as relevant. Furthermore, the influence of thermal and mechanical loads on the stability of the residual stresses in the components is being investigated.

  • FOR 2271: Prozessorientiertes Toleranzmanagement mit virtuellen Absicherungsmethoden

    (Third Party Funds Group – Overall project)

    Term: 1. June 2016 - 31. December 2019
    Funding source: DFG / Forschergruppe (FOR)
    URL: https://www.for2271.tf.fau.de/

    The comprehension of geometric part deviationsand their manufacturing and assembly related sources as well as the investigationof their effects on the function and quality of technical products builds theframework for the planned research group “process-oriented tolerance managementbased on virtual computer-aided engineering tools”. The aim of this researchgroup is the provision of holistic methods and efficient tools for thecomprehensive management of geometric deviations along the product originationprocess, which are to be validated in a model factory. In doing so, aparticular focus is set on the development of a procedure for the fruitfulcooperation of all departments involved in geometric variations management,from product development, to manufacturing, to assembly and to metrology, whichwill enable companies to quickly specify functional tolerances, which aremanufacturable and measurable, and consequently to save costs and to reduce thetime to market.

    In this regard, the vision of the researchgroup is to enable the close collaboration of product development,manufacturing, assembly and metrology in computer-aided tolerancing, i. e.the joint formulation of functional tolerances, which are manufacturable andmeasurable. By enabling this close collaboration, all manufacturing andassembly related sources of later problems regarding the product function andquality can be considered already during early phases of virtual product andprocess development. As a consequence, tolerances can be specified efficientlyand optimized inspection plans as well as robust manufacturing and operatingwindows can be identified, which allows the development of robust products tobe manufactured and measured at low costs.  

    Since geometric part deviations are inevitableand affect the function and quality of technical products, their managementalong the product origination process is essential for the development offunctioning products, which conform to the quality and usage requirements ofcustomers and are successful on international markets. As a consequence,tolerance management is a fundamental task in product development and reachesvarious fields of industry, from consumer to industrial goods. Due to steadilyincreasing requirements on quality and efficiency, it strongly gains importancenot only with large, but also small and medium-sized enterprises. In thiscontext, the industrial application of the scientific findings of the researchgroup will contribute to the success of the German economy.  

  • Consideration of functionally relevant geometric deviations in the design of metal forming processes for the production of gears by extrusion

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: FOR 2271: Prozessorientiertes Toleranzmanagement mit virtuellen Absicherungsmethoden
    Term: 1. April 2016 - 31. March 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Forschergruppe (FOR)

    The subproject TP4 is part of the DFG research group 2271 - process-oriented tolerance management with virtual validation methods.

    In order to achieve an integrated tolerance management, it is necessary to consider not just the process-related causes of geometric component deviations but also the deviations resulting from operation. The aim of the subproject is to identify variables influencing the operational behavior of extruded gears in the material pairing metal-plastic and to derive functional relationships between the process-related component properties and the resulting wear behavior of the pairing. Based on these findings, an operation-optimized design of the extrusion process for the production of ready-to-use gears is to be carried out and compliance with the function-relevant tolerances over the service life is to be ensured. Within the framework of the research group's overall objectives, an important contribution is made to accomplish a holistic approach within process-orientated tolerance management.

    The project is based on the findings of the first funding period. During this period, the focus was on the identification of influencing variables and process-related fluctuations and its effects on the geometric accuracy and mechanical properties of steel gears produced by full forward extrusion. For this purpose, the impact extrusion process was mapped using the finite element method and a reference process was designed. The FEM model has been validated by forming experiments. The validated model was then used to identify influencing variables on the component and process side. The effects of process-related fluctuations on the resulting geometric and mechanical component properties were investigated by further forming tests. From the results, a process window was derived to ensure compliance with the functionally relevant tolerances.

    In the second funding period, the effects of the process-related geometric, mechanical and tribological properties of extruded gears on geometric deviations as a result of the characteristic wear behavior of the metal-plastic material pairing during operation will be investigated. The resulting decrease in tooth width limits the adherence to the tolerances as well as the lifetime of the pairing due to tooth wear. The investigations regarding the wear behavior of the material pairing metal-plastic of the first funding period show that the properties of the metallic partner have a significant influence on the wear of both gears. Against this background, the choice of the gear material and the specific adaptation of the application-relevant component properties of the gearing within the extrusion process offer potential. Within the framework of the sub-project, the essential wear mechanisms within the material pairing are identified and the application-relevant component properties of the metallic gearing are determined on a transmission test bench. Finally, recommendations regarding the operationally optimized design of extrusion processes are derived and verified.

  • Additive and formative manufacturing of hybrid parts with locally adapted, tailored properties (B5)

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: CRC 814 - Additive Manufacturing
    Term: 1. July 2011 - 30. June 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB)
    URL: https://www.crc814.research.fau.eu

    Aim of this sub-projectis to investigate the combination of additive manufacturing and formingtechnology for the production of tailored, functionalized and individualizedtitanium hybrid parts, fundamentally. Besides the sheet metal body also theadditively manufactured elements of the hybrid parts will be formed. This leadsto a defined work-hardening of the material and locally adjusted properties. Bythe spatially resolved application of additives in combination with in situalloying during Laser Beam Melting (LBM) a local material modification isintended. This modification is supposed to be adjustable to the demands of theforming operation as well as to the demands of the later use case.

  • Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy

    (FAU Funds)

    Term: 1. January 2010 - 3. March 2038
    The Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM) is a facility featuring cutting-edge instrumentation, techniques and expertise required for microscopic and analytical characterization of materials and devices down to the atomic scale. CENEM focuses on several complementary analysis techniques, which closely work together: Electron Microscopy, X-ray Microscopy, Cryo-TEM, Scattering Methods, Scanning Probes and Atom Probe Microscopy. With the combination of these methods new materials, particles, structures and devices are characterized not only microscopically and analytically on all length scales even down to the atomic scale but also by various in situ investigations and 3D methods. The knowledge gained through the versatile characterization methods is then used to further develop and improve materials and devices.

    CENEM was established in 2010 to provide a forefront research center for the versatile characterization of materials and devices with state-of-the-art instrumentation and expertise and to intensify the interdisciplinary research. The big CENEM network represents the strong collaborations within the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg as well as the collaboration with other universities, dedicated research institutes and industry.

    The support of the core facility CENEM by the German Science Foundation (DFG) and the Cluster of Excellence EXC 315 “Engineering of Advanced Materials” is gratefully acknowledged.

  • TRR 73: Manufacturing of complex functional components with variants by using a new sheet metal forming process - Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming

    (Third Party Funds Group – Overall project)

    Term: 1. January 2009 - 28. February 2024
    Funding source: DFG / Sonderforschungsbereich / Transregio (SFB / TRR)
    URL: http://www.tr-73.de

Recent publications

2022

2021

2020

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