Prof. Dr. Marion Merklein

Chair of Manufacturing Technology

Research projects

  • Mechanical engineering with a focus on forming, joining by forming, material characterization and modeling, additive manufacturing and digitalization of production processes.
  • Hybrid additive manufacturing (AM and forming) for design of high strength, but light implants.
  •  As industrial areas automobile industry, transportation systems, construction work and bioengineering are of interest.

  • Hydroforming of high-strength aluminium alloys

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. October 2020 - 30. September 2022
    Funding source: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi), AIF Arbeitsgemeinschaft industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen
  • Kerbwalzen und Wechselbiegen - Grundlegende Untersuchungen zur Herstellung von Fließgut mit geringem Aspektverhältnis ausgehend von Bandmaterial

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. April 2020 - 31. March 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)
  • Investigation of residual stress related elementary processes in cold forged components in the manufacturing and operating phase

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. January 2020 - 31. December 2021
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)
  • Basic research and determination of process limitations in bulk forming processes of microgears from sheet metal

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. November 2019 - 31. October 2021
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Cold bulk forming offers higher technological, economic and ecological potential than alternative production methods for the mass production of micro gears. Due to scale effects, high tool stresses and handling problems, cold forming is not possible for modules m 

  • Hilfsfügeteilfreies Fügen

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: Methodenentwicklung zur mechanischen Fügbarkeit in wandlungsfähigen Prozessketten
    Term: 1. July 2019 - 30. June 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Sonderforschungsbereich / Transregio (SFB / TRR)
  • Fundamental investigation of ultrasonic-assisted metal forming by compressive and shear stress

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. March 2018 - 30. November 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)
  • Investigation of residual stress related elementary processes in cold forged components in the manufacturing and operating phase

    (Third Party Funds Single)

    Term: 1. February 2018 - 31. December 2022
    Funding source: DFG-Einzelförderung / Sachbeihilfe (EIN-SBH)

    Due to the potential of forming induced residual stresses to influence component properties, a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of residual stress generation and stability is required. Therefore, the approach to the research project is structured into the phases of component manufacturing (generation of residual stresses), component operation (residual stress stability) and process design (exploitation of residual stresses). As reference process the forward rod extrusion is used, which is established as standard process in industrial use. Due to the trend towards component materials with higher strength and corrosion resistance, two stainless steels are used in the project. The investigations include parallel experimental and numerical analyses of the process and its synthesis.

    During the first phase, the necessary experimental equipment for component manufacture and testing was set up, material and friction parameters were identified, components were formed under consideration of different parameter variants and their residual stresses were determined by X-ray diffraction. In a complementary approach, macroscopic finite element models with subroutines for an extended post-processing of residual stresses were developed on the simulation side and applied in the context of numerical parameter variations. Furthermore, differential geometric and continuum mechanical relationships of residual stresses were investigated and the material modelling was extended to crystal plasticity. The predictivity of the numerical results was quantified on the basis of experimental results.

    The second phase concentrates on the residual stress stability in component use and the process robustness during component manufacture. The knowledge gained will be used at the end of the second and in the third phase to specifically influence the operating behaviour and to control the cyclic strength.

    The objective in the second phase is the experimental and numerical determination of the mechanical and thermal residual stress stability. As a requirement for the targeted influencing, relevant parameters will be identified. These cause-and-effect relationships are to be plausibilised by means of fundamental physical effects, whereby a recourse is made to effects described in the literature and numerical methods for the derivation of basic model ideas. Based on the experience gained so far, fluctuations of input variables and previously known disturbance variables are to be taken into account in all investigations. A further prerequisite for a systematic investigation of the fundamental mechanisms relevant to residual stresses is an increase in the numerical modeling and prediction accuracy of the deformation-induced residual stresses. In analogy to the generation phase, a constant comparison of simulation and experiment is therefore also carried out in the operating phase in the sense of an assessment of the prognosis quality of the numerical approaches and the plausibility of the experimental laboratory results.

    The Project is part of the DFG priority programm SPP2013 "Targeted Use of Forming Induced Internal Stresses in Metal Components". Within the priority program, the subproject takes part in the expert groups Production technology (thick-walled) and Mechanics and simulation.

  • FOR 2271: Prozessorientiertes Toleranzmanagement mit virtuellen Absicherungsmethoden

    (Third Party Funds Group – Overall project)

    Term: 1. June 2016 - 31. December 2019
    Funding source: DFG / Forschergruppe (FOR)

    The comprehension of geometric part deviationsand their manufacturing and assembly related sources as well as the investigationof their effects on the function and quality of technical products builds theframework for the planned research group “process-oriented tolerance managementbased on virtual computer-aided engineering tools”. The aim of this researchgroup is the provision of holistic methods and efficient tools for thecomprehensive management of geometric deviations along the product originationprocess, which are to be validated in a model factory. In doing so, aparticular focus is set on the development of a procedure for the fruitfulcooperation of all departments involved in geometric variations management,from product development, to manufacturing, to assembly and to metrology, whichwill enable companies to quickly specify functional tolerances, which aremanufacturable and measurable, and consequently to save costs and to reduce thetime to market.

    In this regard, the vision of the researchgroup is to enable the close collaboration of product development,manufacturing, assembly and metrology in computer-aided tolerancing, i. e.the joint formulation of functional tolerances, which are manufacturable andmeasurable. By enabling this close collaboration, all manufacturing andassembly related sources of later problems regarding the product function andquality can be considered already during early phases of virtual product andprocess development. As a consequence, tolerances can be specified efficientlyand optimized inspection plans as well as robust manufacturing and operatingwindows can be identified, which allows the development of robust products tobe manufactured and measured at low costs.  

    Since geometric part deviations are inevitableand affect the function and quality of technical products, their managementalong the product origination process is essential for the development offunctioning products, which conform to the quality and usage requirements ofcustomers and are successful on international markets. As a consequence,tolerance management is a fundamental task in product development and reachesvarious fields of industry, from consumer to industrial goods. Due to steadilyincreasing requirements on quality and efficiency, it strongly gains importancenot only with large, but also small and medium-sized enterprises. In thiscontext, the industrial application of the scientific findings of the researchgroup will contribute to the success of the German economy.  

  • Consideration of functionally relevant geometric deviations in the design of metal forming processes for the production of gears by extrusion

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: FOR 2271: Prozessorientiertes Toleranzmanagement mit virtuellen Absicherungsmethoden
    Term: 1. April 2016 - 31. March 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Forschergruppe (FOR)
  • Additive and formative manufacturing of hybrid parts with locally adapted, tailored properties (B5)

    (Third Party Funds Group – Sub project)

    Overall project: CRC 814 - Additive Manufacturing
    Term: 1. July 2011 - 30. June 2023
    Funding source: DFG / Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB)

    Aim of this sub-projectis to investigate the combination of additive manufacturing and formingtechnology for the production of tailored, functionalized and individualizedtitanium hybrid parts, fundamentally. Besides the sheet metal body also theadditively manufactured elements of the hybrid parts will be formed. This leadsto a defined work-hardening of the material and locally adjusted properties. Bythe spatially resolved application of additives in combination with in situalloying during Laser Beam Melting (LBM) a local material modification isintended. This modification is supposed to be adjustable to the demands of theforming operation as well as to the demands of the later use case.

  • Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy

    (FAU Funds)

    Term: 1. January 2010 - 3. March 2038
    The Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM) is a facility featuring cutting-edge instrumentation, techniques and expertise required for microscopic and analytical characterization of materials and devices down to the atomic scale. CENEM focuses on several complementary analysis techniques, which closely work together: Electron Microscopy, X-ray Microscopy, Cryo-TEM, Scattering Methods, Scanning Probes and Atom Probe Microscopy. With the combination of these methods new materials, particles, structures and devices are characterized not only microscopically and analytically on all length scales even down to the atomic scale but also by various in situ investigations and 3D methods. The knowledge gained through the versatile characterization methods is then used to further develop and improve materials and devices.

    CENEM was established in 2010 to provide a forefront research center for the versatile characterization of materials and devices with state-of-the-art instrumentation and expertise and to intensify the interdisciplinary research. The big CENEM network represents the strong collaborations within the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg as well as the collaboration with other universities, dedicated research institutes and industry.

    The support of the core facility CENEM by the German Science Foundation (DFG) and the Cluster of Excellence EXC 315 “Engineering of Advanced Materials” is gratefully acknowledged.




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